Suffix 字尾 -es：plural（複數）, 3rd person singular（第三人稱單數）
|ending||nouns (plural)||verbs (3rd person)|
|-sh||ashes, dashes, flashes, radishes, splashes, washes, dishes, fishes, wishes, bushes, pushes, brushes||cashes, mashes, smashes, trashes, fishes, finishes, rushes, pushes|
|-ch||ranches, arches, benches, beaches, peaches, inches, riches, bunches, touches||teaches, reaches|
|-tch||batches, patches, latches, matches, watches, sketches, itches, switches, stitches||catches, matches, watches, fetches|
|-ss||classes, glasses, masses, passes, presses, kisses, dresses, crosses||passes, kisses, misses|
|-s||gases, lenses, biases, buses|
|-x||axes, taxes, boxes, fixes, mixes, foxes||fixes, mixes|
|-o||heroes, tomatoes, potatoes||goes|
|-z||quizzes||buzzes, freezes|y > -ies
Words ending in -y preceded by a consonant: change the y to i, and add "es".
• Nouns: families, babies, ladies, parties, enemies, berries, cherries, lilies, cities, histories, dictionaries, victories, theories, spies, flies, replies, varieties, stories, countries, buddies, puppies, duties, beauties
• Verbs: carries, cries, tries, relies, denies, studies, hurries
Words ending in -f: replace -f with -v, then add "es".
shelf (shelves), leaf (leaves), loaf (loaves), wolf (wolves), yourself (yourselves)
Words ending in -fe: replace -fe with -v, then add "es".
knife (knives), wife (wives), life (lives)