Suffix 字尾 -es:plural(複數), 3rd person singular(第三人稱單數)

ending nouns (plural) verbs (3rd person)
ashes, dashes, flashes, radishes, splashes, washes, dishes, fishes, wishes, bushes, pushes, brushes cashes, mashes, smashes, trashes, fishes, finishes, rushes, pushes
ranches, arches, benches, beaches, peaches, inches, riches, bunches, touches teaches, reaches
batches, patches, latches, matches, watches, sketches, itches, switches, stitches catches, matches, watches, fetches
-ss classes, glasses, masses, passes, presses, kisses, dresses, crosses passes, kisses, misses
-s  gases, lenses, biases, buses  
-x axes, taxes, boxes, fixes, mixes, foxes fixes, mixes
-o heroes, tomatoes, potatoes goes
-z quizzes buzzes, freezes

y > -ies
Words ending in -y preceded by a consonant: change the y to i, and add "es".

• Nouns: families, babies, ladies, parties, enemies, berries, cherries, lilies, cities, histories, dictionaries, victories, theories, spies, flies, replies, varieties, stories, countries, buddies, puppies, duties, beauties

• Verbs: carries, cries, tries, relies, denies, studies, hurries

Words ending in -f: replace -f with -v, then add "es".
shelf (shelves), leaf (leaves), loaf (loaves), wolf (wolves), yourself (yourselves)

Words ending in -fe: replace -fe with -v, then add "es".
knife (knives), wife (wives), life (lives)